Nasturtium has profound health benefits mainly because it contains the following compounds: Because of the nutrients above and many others, you can use nasturtium to treat or prevent various health problems like: Both the leaves and the blooms of the nasturtium plant are edible and you can add them to salads. Over the course of the 19th century, breeders produced smaller, more compact types that mounded neatly into containers or formed a colorful, less sprawling edge to flower beds. In short-season areas, you can start seeds indoors, but this usually isn’t worth the effort, since plants grow and flower quickly once the weather turns warm. For tastiest nasturtium leaves, keep the plants well watered, which helps to moderate the spiciness of the leaves and flowers. I like these best to cover daffodil beds that have finished flowering, or in a place where they can ramble and beautify a neglected corner. A full spectrum of flower colors is now available, including single colors — useful for landscape designs: pale yellow, golden, orange, brick-red, cherry pink, salmon, crimson, and dark mahogany. Their ornamental value was also appreciated: flowers were used in nosegays, and planted to adorn trellises or cascade down stone walls. Toddlers who tire of admiring the flowers and decide to eat them instead are in no danger: both flowers and leaves are edible. The name nasturtium is from Watercress’s Latin name: Nasturtium officinale. Protect & Fertilize Green Cover Crop Blend. In my garden, however, slugs enjoy hiding beneath the shade of their broad leaves (you can collect them there!) They add a refreshing bite to a classic potato salad with hard-boiled eggs and a mayonnaise dressing, and pair well with seafood. Nasturtium was documented by English herbalist John Gerard in 1597. (We know now that these pickled flower buds are high in oxalic acid and therefore should not be eaten in large quantities.). Kids are also fascinated by water balling on the rounded leaves, resembling globules of quicksilver. Here are my top favorites: Whirlybird: When I plant flowers in my mostly green vegetable garden, I like a cheerful mix of rainbow colors. It’s my favorite vining variety for growing up a trellis; one year, some pale blue morning glories intertwined through the pale yellow flowers and the effect was dreamy. Another of my favorite uses of nasturtium flowers (from the inspiring book Garden Crafts for Kids, by Diane Rhoades) is as decorations atop frosted birthday cupcakes. and aphids adore them. Nasturtium is the edible plant source with the highest amount of lutein. He likened it to members of the Ranunculaceae family. The flower buds are edible as well. I like to add compost in very sandy soil, though, to help hold moisture. Nasturtiums were commonly known in Europe as Indian Cress or a translation of “Capucine cress,” in reference to the flower shape, which resembles Capucine monks’ hooded robes. Traditional uses for nasturtium in Central and South America included as an expectorant and a disinfectant. In the 18th century, botanist Carolus Linnaeus gave the plant its generic name: Tropaeolum as a reference to a practice by soldiers in Ancient Rome. Colorful, edible, butterfly-like nasturtium blossoms have delighted gardeners and cooks alike for centuries. You are here: Home / Herbs / Nasturtium: Much More Than An Edible Flower. Discover 500+ spicy recipes and hundreds of pepper profiles, comparisons, cooking tips + more. Vitamin C: Nasturtium is a great source of the antioxidant vitamin C, which makes it valuable for strengthening the immune system. Amazon Jewel: All nasturtiums illuminate and reflect light wherever they are planted but these variegated beauties in deep red, warm orange, gold, lemon and rose, are absolutely the most dramatic. For this reason, organic gardeners often sow them at the base of fruit trees as a trap crop. Nasturtiums will be killed by frost and so they don’t pose such an invasive threat in cooler parts of the country. Plant it in children’s gardens to attract hummingbirds! Nasturtiums are particularly handy around the edges of the vegetable garden or planted in beds to grow as decoration on wigwams of bamboo canes. Much folklore exists involving nasturtiums’ supposed ability to repel pests due to their peppery taste and pungent scent. Where. Quantity 1 - 2 plants per household. Chilean Guavas. Given the wealth of contradictory information, I’ve concluded that planting nasturtiums will probably not significantly affect the pest populations on your other crops! Although it is sometimes reported that nasturtiums were introduced to the US by the Philadelphia seedsman Bernard McMahon in 1806, they were recorded here as early as 1759. A handful of the bright colored flower petals are delicious chopped into a shrimp or crab salad sandwich filling, and the whole flowers and leaves make a great garnish for a platter of grilled salmon. However you use them, spicy-sweet nasturtium flowers are a wonderful way to introduce edible flowers from the garden to both children and uninitiated adults. Nasturtiums were still eaten, however, and were known to help prevent scurvy, since the leaves are rich in Vitamin C. Later 20th century contributions to nasturtium breeding include the introduction of varieties with spurless, upward-facing blossoms and flowers that float higher above the leaves, perfect for bedding or containers. It also matches darker leaved vegetables such as kale or broccoli. © 2020 Renee’s Garden. Cultivars with cream and green variegated foliage appeared, as well as the vermilion-flowered Empress of India, with its strikingly contrasting blue-green leaves. The blooms fall into the category of edible flower along with other examples like violet and viola flowers. Monet let large swaths ramble along a walk at Giverny. Nasturtiums are easy to grow, although the saying “Be nasty to nasturtiums” is somewhat harsh: choose a well-drained site with soil that is not too rich in nitrogen (since too much nitrogen results in lots of foliage, but fewer blooms). Interestingly, in one entry in his garden book, he categorized it as a fruit amongst others such as the tomato, indicating that he ate the pickled seeds. On this pole, they would hang their defeated enemy’s armor and weapons. I prefer breaking the petals into salads rather than using them whole to keep the flavor less overwhelming, but whole flowers make beautiful and festive decorations. 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